名词性从句常见错误例析[08-30 02:49:36] 来源：http://www.duoxue8.com 英语学习方法 阅读：775次
⊙ 河南省许昌市高级中学 刘新会
1. 【误】 He will come back surprises all of us.
【正】 That he will come back surprises all of us.
2. 【误】 That he really means is what he doesn’t agree with us.
【正】 What he really means is that he doesn’t agree with us.
3. 【误】 The news which our team had won pleased everyone.
【正】 The news that our team had won pleased
4. 【误】 The reason why he failed in the exam was because he was too careless.
【正】 The reason why he failed in the exam was that he was too careless.
【析】 主语为reason时，引导表语从句的关联词一般用that，不用because，构成The reason why/for which/that/for . . . is that . . . 句型。because引导名词性从句只用于It/This/That is because . . . 结构。
5. 【误】 It is unknown that where we will have the meeting.
【正】 It is unknown where we will have the meeting.
6. 【误】 The problem is when will he come back.
【正】 The problem is when he will come back.
【析】 名词性从句应该用陈述句语序，即“引导词 + 主语 + 谓语”。
7. 【误】 Could you tell me which was the way to the Science Museum?
【正】 Could you tell me which is the way to the Science Museum?
8. 【误】 If he is an engineer is unknown.
【正】 Whether he is an engineer is unknown.
9. 【误】 I have been worrying about if I have hurt her feelings.
【正】 I have been worrying about whether I have hurt her feelings.
10. 【误】 What he needs are enough time and what I need is enough books.
【正】 What he needs is enough time and what I need are enough books.
11. 【误】 No matter who comes to visit the exhi-bition is welcome.
【正】 Whoever comes to visit the exhibition is welcome.
【析】 “No matter + 疑问词”结构只能引导让步状语从句，“wh- + ever”既可引导让步状语从句，也可引导名词性从句。
12. 【误】 I’ll make known to all that you were not honest.
【正】 I’ll make it known to all that you were not honest.
【析】 当宾语从句前有形容词或名词作宾补时，须用it作形式宾语，而将真正的宾语从句后置。其句式为：主语 + 动词 + 形式宾语it + 宾补（形容词或名词）+ 宾语从句。又如：I found it quite pleasant that I worked with him.
13. 【误】 He is said that he has gone to America.
【正】 It is said that he has gone to America.
【析】 It is said that是一固定句型，it为形式主语，不可用其他词代替。
14. 【误】 My suggestion is that we will learn more words by heart.
【正】 My suggestion is that we should learn more words by heart.
【析】 主语为suggestion, advice, order, proposal等名词时，表语从句要用虚拟语气，即用“（should）+ 动词原形”的结构。这些名词的同位语从句也要用虚拟语气。
15. 【误】 Why we decided to put off the meeting is because we had some difficulty in preparing it.
【正】 Why we decided to put off the meeting is that we had some difficulty in preparing it.
1. When and where we shall have the lecture are not decided.
2. They want to make it clear to the public which they do an important job.
3. He ordered that the injured had been taken good care of.
4. Where will they go is to be discussed at tomorrow’s meeting.
5. This is a fact that English is widely used as an international language.
6. What the earth moves around the sun is known to all.
7. The news they had won the game surprised us.
8. It depends on if it’s going to rain.
9. At the meeting he raised a question if the project would be cancelled.
10. That you need is more practice.
1. Father made a promise _____ I passed the exam he would buy me a bike.
A. that B. if C. whether D. that if
2. He often writes to us expressing his hope _____ he’ll come to see us.
A. that B. which C. what D. whether
3. They asked her _____ with her.
A. what was the matter B. what the matter was
C. what was wrong D. both A and C
4. I don’t doubt _____ she can do it well, but I doubt _____ she is willing to do it.
A. that；that B. that；if C. if；if D. if；that
5. The reason _____ he was absent was _____ he was ill.
A. why；because B. that；that
C. why；that D. because；that